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- Plank on Frame Models and Scale Masting and Rigging by Harold a Underhill
- PLANK ON FRAME MODELS AND SCALE MASTING AND RIGGING VOLUME 1
- Build a Plank on Frame Model Ship
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Plank on Frame Models and Scale Masting and Rigging by Harold a Underhill
My name is Bob Hunt and I build model ships for a hobby. I've been building these wonderful models for over 23 years now. I want to share with you a very detailed set of instructions on how to build a fairly simple "Plank on Frame" model ship. It was the first ship in George Washington's Navy. The first photo shows what the finished model will look like. This particular model is not what we modelers call "historically correct" because the framework that makes up the hull is a stylized method of framing and not an actual duplication of the historical framework used.
The woods used in this model are not your garden variety of woods. In other words, you can't run down to your local home improvement store and buy them. They sell all kinds of wood including woods that are well suited for model ship building. This is not the same boxwood shrub that might grow in your yard. It's a kind of tree that grows in various parts of the world and has virtually no visible grain and is very hard. Some of the outer planking is Virginia holly, a very clear, white wood, as is the deck planking.
The pinkinsh wood is called Swiss Pear and is also used for the upper planking, mouldings and some of the deck furniture. The black wood across the hull is ebony. All of these woods can be obtained through Gilmer Wood mentioned above. Milling the wood to the dimensions needed to build this model does require a miniature table saw and a regular woodworking table saw or band saw.
Additional information on milling the wood will be covered in the next step of these instructions. To build this model, a set of plans are needed. For this model, I needed to create the frame drawings in particular. After doing some additional research I was able to find the two key drawings needed to loft a set of frame drawings. These drawings were drawn by a gentleman by the name of Howard I.
Using Chappelle's body plan and waterlines, I was able to loft a set of frame drawings for my model. Photos of some of my CAD work are shown with this step. Some of these drawings would not fit on a single sheet of paper, so 2 or 3 drawings were created that can be taped together to form the complete drawing using the black reference lines found on both halves.
You might also want to browse my website to see additional photos of my construction of the Hannah model as well as some other models I've designed in AutoCAD and buit from scratch. After downloading the ZIP file, unzip it to any directory you wish to work from. These files all have meaningful names that you can easily distinguish. You will be told what drawings need to be printed for each step of these instructions. To aid in the framing of the model, a special jig is used.
This jig holds the framework in perfect alignment until the outer hull planking is applied. I'll cover the construction of the jig in full detail later in this Instructable. Please do not be intimidated by the complex appearance of the finished model. These instructions will explain the complete construction of the model in step by step detail. Anyone with wood working skills should be able to build this model, provided of course, that they have the proper tools.
I will be covering tools needed as well. So let's get started! First, I'd like to cover some of the tools you will need to build this model. Here is a list of tools I find helpful in all of my model building Not every tool is needed to build this model. Before I begin with the actual instructions for building this model, I'd like to go over the process I use to mill wood for a model ship.
Any serious model ship builder will have these tools in his workshop. Most of the wood purchased from Gilmer Wood comes in small boards that are 2" to 4" wide and 1" to 2" thick. As an example, let's say that you need billets to make frames for this model. They must be 24" long and 1" wide. The extra thickness is needed so that the finished billets will be smooth on both sides, without saw blade teeth marks.
I use veneer calipers to measure my billets. Then cut them to length, 24" in this example. For smaller pieces of wood needed to make various parts on the model, I first mill a billet that is the required thickness of the part I want to make. For example, the hatches on this model are. Then I would run the billet through a planer until the thickness had been reduced to.
From that billet, I can now use my miniature Byrnes table saw to rip strips that are. It's the same process you might use to cut large boards down to smaller boards to make a piece of furniture. The only difference is that you are working with much smaller dimensions so you need a much smaller saw to cut such pieces without tearing the wood up. The Byrnes miniature table saw was designed for model ship builders precisely for this purpose.
The various PDF files that you downloaded are used as templates to make the various parts of the model. Whenever I say to use a particular drawing as a template to make a particular part, you should print an extra copy of that drawing so that you still have the original for reference.
Some part templates are cut out from a particular drawing. For example, in this step, the keel template is cut out from the Side View drawing. Because a model ship often uses wood that must be milled to very small dimensions, all fractional measurements given in these instructions will be in thousandths of an inch. We'll begin construction of our model with the keel.
Start with your keel piece that is 17" x. At the fore end, a scarf joint is cut. The first photo in this step shows this scarf joint. Use the drawing s with the file name "Frame Plan 1. When I say to use a drawing as a template, I mean that you must cement the drawing to the wood using rubber cement.
After cementing the template to your keel wood strip, cut the strip to the precise length using the template and your Byrnes miniature table saw. You will notice that the aft end is cut at a slight angle.
You can use your miniature table saw to cut this angle by setting the cross cut slide to match the angle in relationship with the blade. Making small parts for a model ship is no different than making large parts for a piece of furniture. Other than the tool used, the process is the same. The scarf joint can be cut on your Byrnes saw also. I like to use a blade with a thickness of. Once the blade is set to the right height, set the cross slide to 90 degrees to make a cut across the top of the wood strip.
You want to align the edge of the blade with the edge of the joint. After making the first cut, set the blade to a height of. With these two cuts made, you can complete the joint using your Xacto knife with the 10 or 22 blade. Refer to the first photo in this step to see and understand the exact shape needed for the scarf joint.
Before removing the keel template from the wood strip, you must also cut the sternpost joint at the aft end. This joint is.
It is best to use your Xacto to cut this joint due to the angle of the joint. The Byrnes saw blade cannot be tilted so cutting the two sides of the joint can only be done with hand tools.
After cutting the joint out, you can remove the paper template. Be sure to rub all of the rubber cement off with your finger as well. The next step is to cut the rabbet joint in the keel. The rabbet joint was common on all wooden ships. It is a "V" shaped groove that runs the length of the keel and helps to make a water tight seal where the planking meets the keel.
You can see a pencil line across the keel which will be the top of the rabbet joint. This line is. The "V" groove will be cut from the top of the keel to this line. It is. This means that the center of the joint is. If you haven't already done so, remove the template since it is no longer needed. Make sure you rub off all of the rubber cement with your finger. Then draw a line across your keel exactly.
Now, using your Xacto with the 10 or 22 blade, cut from the line at an angle to a point in the center of the line and top of the keel. Short cuts from the line upwards and from the top of the keel downwards are used. The 2nd photo shows the cutting of the rabbet joint using a hobby knife. Take your time, and try to keep the "V" groove straight and consistent in shape and depth. You may want to practice first on some scrap wood. The rabbet joint extends to the point where the aft side of frame 23 sits.
PLANK ON FRAME MODELS AND SCALE MASTING AND RIGGING VOLUME 1
The author of this brilliant volume is world famous for the models of the vessels belonging to the times of sail; in this publication, he sheds some light on the warships that participated in the World War II. The content of the book contains step by step instructions, presenting a detailed and informative manual on how to build a scratch model of HMS Caesar, one of those vessels of destroyer class. This vessel and her sister-ship Cavalier were both delivered in the period between and The size of the model addressed in this manual is intended for display as a diorama model. The author has paid ultimate attention to the every single detail of the vessel. The last section of the publication contains the drawings of the numerous models of ships of the same historical period together with the numerous pictures. The book is a great attempt of the author to share his more-than-fifty year of practical experience with the readers.
Build a Plank on Frame Model Ship
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I have a question regarding the number of bulkheads in an admiralty model. The plans below have 18 bulkheads, but in most admiralty models there seem to be far more check the image 2. What am I missing here - where do I get the profile for these extra ones? They aren't "bulkheads" or frames.
Underhill [, PDF]. This particular model has not been slavishly followed, for where subsequent work or previous models have proved better technique, this has been quoted.
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Tracking the Sea Bird. By Alan D. Frazer Baltimore. By Stephen Heaver, Jr. Building the Lady Washington.
PLANK-ON-FRAME MODELS. AND. Scale Masting and Rigging. BY. HAROLD A. UNDERHILL. thefloatingschoolid.orgS. VOLUME I. SCALE HULL CONSTRUCTION.
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Written by: John Maguire. Model ship building is an interesting and challenging hobby enjoyed by many. Combining elements of history, technology, and craftsmanship, model ship building offers a unique finished product that the builder can showcase with pride. What exactly is a model ship? It is a scaled-down replica of a historically significant ship. Notable ships popular among hobbyists include the USS Constitution , the Titanic , as well as historical warships, yachts, whalers, and sailboats. Model ships typically range in size and detail.
Underhill [, PDF]. This particular model has not been slavishly followed, for where subsequent work or previous models have proved better technique, this has been quoted. Alternative methods of making the various components are included throughout. The book has been written for the builder with limited tools and facilities. Contents Harold A.
Чатрукьян выпрямился и посмотрел. То, что он увидел, больше напоминало вход в преисподнюю, а не в служебное помещение. Узкая лестница спускалась к платформе, за которой тоже виднелись ступеньки, и все это было окутано красным туманом. Грег Хейл, подойдя к стеклянной перегородке Третьего узла, смотрел, как Чатрукьян спускается по лестнице. С того места, где он стоял, казалось, что голова сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности лишилась тела и осталась лежать на полу шифровалки.
Королева информации! - приветствовал ее толстяк. Он всегда питал слабость к Мидж Милкен. Умница, да к тому же единственная женщина, не упускавшая случая с ним пококетничать. - Как твои дела. - Не жалуюсь.
Con permiso! - крикнул санитар. Мимо стремительно проплыла каталка. Беккер успел отскочить в сторону и окликнул санитара. - Dоnde esta el telefono. Не снижая скорости, мужчина указал Беккеру на двустворчатую дверь и скрылся за поворотом.
Я хочу сохранить это в тайне, - сказала. Но Хейл продолжал приближаться. Когда он был уже почти рядом, Сьюзан поняла, что должна действовать. Хейл находился всего в метре от нее, когда она встала и преградила ему дорогу.
Готов поспорить на любую сумму, что у партнера Танкадо будет иное мнение. Что бы ни произошло на самом деле, мы все равно выглядим виновными. Яд, фальсифицированные результаты вскрытия и так далее.
Беккер понял, что с каждой минутой дело все больше запутывается. - С подружкой. Немец был не. Клушар кивнул: - Со спутницей.
Бринкерхофф слабо вскрикнул: - Этот червь откроет наш банк данных всему миру. - Для Танкадо это детская забава, - бросил Джабба. - Нашим главным стражем была система Сквозь строй, а Стратмор вышвырнул ее в мусорную корзину. - Это объявление войны, - прошептал Фонтейн срывающимся голосом. Джабба покачал головой: - Лично я сомневаюсь, что Танкадо собирался зайти так .