Nile River Basin Hydrology Climate And Water Use Pdf

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The Nile basin comprises two broad sub-systems, these are the Eastern Nile sub-system and the Equatorial Nile sub-system. These sub-basins featured five broad physiographic regions with diverse topography, drainage patterns and geomorphology.

Nile River Basin: Hydrology, Climate and Water Use

This book presents results of scientific studies ranging from hydrological modelling to water management and policy issues in the Nile River basin. It examines the physical, hydrometeorological and hydrogeological description of the basin along with analysis in understanding the hydrological processes of the basin under the changing land-use stemming from population pressure and increased natural resources tapping. Audience This book will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, water resources mangers, policy makers as well as graduate and undergraduate students. It is a useful reference text for ecohydrology, arid zone hydrology, hydrology of transboundary rivers and similar courses. Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide.

Nile River Basin

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Climate change caused by increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other trace gases in the atmosphere has been a major concern in recent decades. One of the major effects of climate change is likely to be alterations in hydrologic cycles and changes in water availability. Increased evaporation, combined with changes in precipitation, has the potential to affect runoff, the frequency and intensity of floods and droughts, soil moisture, and availability of water for irrigation and hydroelectric generation [1]. According to IPCC, climate change is defined as a change in the state of the climate that can be identified e.

+50 Years of Terrestrial Hydroclimatic Variability in Africa’s Transboundary Waters

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book presents results of scientific studies ranging from hydrological modelling to water management and policy issues in the Nile River basin. It examines the physical, hydrometeorological and hydrogeological description of the basin along with analysis in understanding the hydrological processes of the basin under the changing land-use stemming from population pressure and increased natural resources tapping. Audience This book will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, water resources mangers, policy makers as well as graduate and undergraduate students.

Nile River Basin: Hydrology, Climate and Water Use

A water resource modeling process is demonstrated to support multistakeholder negotiations over transboundary management of the Nile River. This process addresses the challenge of identifying management options of new hydraulic infrastructure that potentially affects downstream coriparian nations and how the management of existing infrastructure can be adapted. The method includes an exploration of potential management decisions using a multiobjective evolutionary algorithm, intertwined with an iterative process of formulating cooperative strategies to overcome technical and political barriers faced in a transboundary negotiation. The results demonstrate that a lack of coordination is likely to be harmful to downstream riparians and suggest that adaptations to infrastructure in Sudan and Egypt can reduce risks to water supplies and energy generation. Although risks can be substantially reduced by agreed releases from the GERD and basic adaptations to the High Aswan Dam, these measures are still insufficient to assure that no additional risk is assumed by Egypt. The method then demonstrates how improvements to water security for both downstream riparians can be achieved through dynamic adaptation of the operation of the GERD during drought conditions. Finally, the paper demonstrates how the robustness of potential management arrangements can be evaluated considering potential effects of climate change, including increased interannual variability and highly uncertain changes such as increases in the future persistence of droughts.

This report aims to evaluate the impacts of climate change on both hydrologic regimes and water resources of the Upper Blue Nile River Basin in Ethiopia where observed hydrologic data are limited. The downstream countries of the Nile River Basin are sensitive to the variability of runoff from the Ethiopian part of the basin. This report presents three steps for analyzing climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources. The first is the construction of the climate change scenarios whereby the outcomes of multiple general circulation models GCMs are used to perturb the baseline climate scenario representing the current precipitation and temperature patterns. The second is runoff simulation by using a simple two-tank hydrologic model due to the limited data availability and the scale of the sub-basins. The hydrologic model uses the constructed climate scenarios as input to predict runoff. The model parameters for ungauged parts of the basin are estimated by means of hydrologic regionalization.

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Tibebe B. Tigabu, Paul D. Hydrology Research 1 December ; 51 6 : — The Ethiopian government has selected Lake Tana basin as a development corridor due to its water resources potential. Mostly, there is no information about groundwater use.

+50 Years of Terrestrial Hydroclimatic Variability in Africa’s Transboundary Waters

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Nile River Basin

Data utilized in this research and the simulated long-term TWS can be requested by contacting the first author at a reasonable request. Model performance was evaluated using standard indicators, including the Nash Sutcliffe Efficiency criteria, cumulative density frequency, standardized residuals plots, and model uncertainty bounds.

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