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Digitized by Google. IN the preceding accounts of the political condition oftheGrecian tribes and states,we have beheld them, for the most part, scattered and disunited, and, notwithstanding a certain impress of common nationality may have been perceptible in their tendency to social and festive intercourse, still we shall rarely find them to have been actuated by any disposition to form larger and more comprehensive associations for the purposes of united agency.

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The Historical Antiquities of the Greeks with Reference to Their Political Institutions, Volume 2

Digitized by Google. IN the preceding accounts of the political condition oftheGrecian tribes and states,we have beheld them, for the most part, scattered and disunited, and, notwithstanding a certain impress of common nationality may have been perceptible in their tendency to social and festive intercourse, still we shall rarely find them to have been actuated by any disposition to form larger and more comprehensive associations for the purposes of united agency.

Both interest and pleasure concurred to promote a lively and extensive intercourse upon the seas of Greece, but there could be no inherent tendency to political union amongst these various maritime towns, island states, and mountain tribes, nor is the nation alone to be reproached with the discord, from the baneful effects of which it still seems doomed to suffer. The individual states no longer testify their former indifference towards each other-their history ceases to be a mosaic, and for more than a century we discover decided manifestations of a political system.

The event which, next to the above-mentioned migrations, exercised a great and decisive influence on the political development of the Greek states, was the Persian war. Their previous vague and undefined feeling of liberty was now succeeded by the. A broad line of distinction was henceforward drawn between Greeks and barbarians, and, notwithstanding the short-sightedpolicy ofsingle states, afterwards led them to contract ties with them, or the political convulsions oftheir own country caused bands of mercenaries to enter their service, still the meanest Greek soldier who ate the bread.

This continued to prevail till Alexander the Great, disregarding the distinction between the two nations, conceived the extravagant design ofuniting Greeks and barbarians, and created the grotesque figures which we behold in the Macedonian. But on the other hand, a more active intercourse was carried on with the barbarians of Africa and Asia after the Persian wars.

The two nations conI Compare the principle laid down by Aristotle above, vol. B2 Digitized by Google. They were actuated by a similar spirit in their external policy, for in order to secure points of support without their own limits, they endeavoured to enter into alliance with states similarly situated with themselyes, and thereDigitized by Google.

Thus the. History furnishes few examples to prove that external shocks alone have produced an essential and durable change in a political substance, which was entirely unprepared for and hostile to that change. This was the case with the Persian war. The political energies of the Greeks were already aroused, and the struggle with the barbarians only served t nerve and invigorate them. Hence, fully to estimate the events to which our attention will subsequently be directed, it is necessary to re-vert to the intercourse amongst the Grecian states, which formed the subject of enquiry in the latter part of the second and seventh cllapters 2.

The former has shown us that the political intercourse between the communities of the mother-country had assumed a more diversified aspect, and that Sparta formed a rallying-point for. I Digitized by Google. But under the sway of the tyrants, political life had, in the interior of them, become matured for new cbangcs, and after their expulsion, the ancient aristocracy was not again restored, but the democratical principle impetuously proclaimed itself amidst such remnants.

The deliverance of Athens from the yoke of the Pisistratidre marked the commencement of a new era. Herodotus acknowledges this when he extols the youthful strength of the regenerated commonwealth.

This strength it dedicated to the sacred :cause of freedom in the auxili8l Y expedition to. Ionis, the incentives to which were the buoyant -spirit of democracy and the desire of propagating its youthful liberties, whilst its fiery ordeal was the heroic day of Marathon. No good and lasting fruits could result from the efforts of the Ionian states; they were too destitute of the vigour a ID the beautiful pauage, 5.

Iv9lp09i,,1 1IW 8i drill: rreat11 ol: lltliirf, wpov9utAil1 o. But Histiams and Aristagoras, whose machinations are closely interwoven with the history of the Ionic insurrection, display the flagrant and revolting egotism of political incendiaries, who involved their country in the horrors of war to screen themselves from punishment, and even availed themselves of the general confusion to gratify their own rapacity.

Aristagoraa iD CyzicuI. AristoD iD ByzaD. Digitized by Google f. Selfish motives actuated both him and the tyrants of the other states by whom he was supported" and the chains of the Asiatic Greeks still remained unbroken.

Nax08 soon enabled him to carry his intentions into effect. In the struggle between the upper orders and the people. Naxos appears to have been delivered from the latter earlier, or at any rate not later, than Athens, whose tyrant, Pisistratus, had once formed the prop and support of the Naxian l.

The wealthier inhabitants11 were expelled br the demus, and applied for assistance to AristagOr8S, with whose uncle, Histimus, they were connected by a treaty of hospitality, and Aristagoras prevailed upon the Sardian satrap to lend him a 1Ieet for the reduction oC Naxos.

The expedition miscarried; Aristagoras dreaded the resentment of the Persian monarch, and the proposals of Histimus arriving about the same time, he was inspired with confidence to attempt a revolt u. See JI See , I80nomia was proclaimed in Miletus, which example was followed by the other Ionian cities, and by Cuma and Lesbos; Strategi, purely democratic magistrates, were everywhere appointed 1,6, and ostracism was perhaps at the same time introduced in Miletus The insurrection spread -northward as far as the Thracian Bosphorus Ja, and southward through Carla and to Cyprus, where, however, the authority of the tyrants was not ovel thrown These measures were taken without the participation ofthe mother-country; the tie between the Ionians and their common Athens, the original seat of their tribe, had become so relaxed, and the feeling of political affinity grown so lukewarm, that Aristagoras first applied to Sparta fOf assistance.

Upon meeting with a refusal in that quarter he repaired to Athens; but his representations that the Milesians were descendants of the Athenians 20, and that it was incumbent upon the latter to aid. It Herod. But the freedom of Athens was still. The lonians made a few flesultory expeditions against the barbarians who had not yet completed their preparations, but upon the approach of a Persian land and sea force, they were seized with terror and.

In the battle, the commanders of some Samian and Lesbian vessels, whom the expelled tyrants had gained over to their cause, desert ed to the enemy; Dionysius and the Chians alone fought bravely.

Digitized by Google ;I. Those who remained behind had, in. On the otber hand, an exalted and inspiring! If Herod. Thus in tbe epigram Lycurg. Hence Athenl ro d"", rik EAMoof:, lsocrat. Sucb an usertion can only ba. Postponing the consideration oC the development ofthe democratical principle in Athens till the next chapter, let us now confine olir attention to the policy of the nation at large, in repulsing the attacks of the barbarians under Xerxes.

The glory of Athens failed to put a term to the prevailing discord; it rather served to stimulate the JEginetans, whose envy and jealousy were augmented by the consciousness of their own culpable understanding with the barbarians to carry on their contest with the enterprising and undaunted Athe.

Thirty-one Greek towns in all bore arms against the Persians, partly, like Athens and lEgina, burying their ancient. Themistocles and the Tegean Chileus were chiefly instrumental in the meritorious work of bringing about this spirit of concord Compare on the subject of the preyioUl diaaeuiou, J7 Ptut. The Achreans were, however, wholly indifferent to the danger which menaced their country, and obstinately persisted in their ill-judged and selfish repose.

Equally careless of the fate of the mother-country with the Achreans, and perhaps influenced by their example, were the ltaliots. The Ozolian Locrians, the lEtolians and Acarnanians, were still too remote from political maturity to be conscious of the bond which united their provinces; they were, in all probability, as indifferent to the notion of Grecian nationality, as they were ignorant of an oppOsition between Greeks and barbarians.

Corcyra, whose equivocal policy equally prepared it for either issue of the conflict, kept aloof from the struggle, and waited patiently to hail the approach of the victors, whoever they might be. Gelon, the Syracusan, had the generosity to assemble his whole force against the barbarians; but either his princely pride, which required the chief command, or as we sbould be rejoiced to believe 18 See vol.

The Thebans formed a close alliance with the barbarians, and gloried in their disgraceful efforts to injure their native country. But this resulted less from the depravation of the people than from the infamy of the leaders, Timagenidas and Attaginus The patriotic enthusiasm which had been excited amongst the people 42 was soon extinguished by the efforts of the dynasts. The Thessalians, who possessed less stability of character than the Thebans, like them were subject to the tyranny of.

Elian, V. Ho,,ever, from the account of Diodorus Lysias had opposed the alieeptance of Diony. Diodorus speaks in favour of Gelon. Hiero afterwards c,uaed the Pen. On the subject of their pretended kindred attachment, Bockh. Amongat the numerous aceounta of the Milesian courtelan.

Thargelia, who was laid to have exercised such an ascendant over the Greeks who visited her, as to gain them over to the intereata of the Persian king PIut. Antiochua, and entertained Xerxes at her house. Compare Philostrat. Letters, AccordIng to Atbeneus. PassioB and inveterate enmity to overbearing neighbours, were motives which actuated those who fought for, as well as those who were opposed to the common cause. Argos, through the sanguinary conduct of Cleomenes. However, it merely gave a promise to Maroonius to intercept the passage of the Peloponnesians across the Isthmus, and even this was not attempted.

The Argives were satisfied with sending Mardonius intelligence that the Peloponnesians were on their march On the ther part, the patriotism.

Cl Herod. OD the subject of Haliartul, eonsult Paulan. The generous patriotism of the Athenians, and the military sagacity of Themistocles, were in imminent danger of being baffled by the short-sighted politico-military system of defence of the Peloponnesians, by which it was most unscientifically proposed to stay at I.

M Herod. According to tbe spurious authority adduced b y Plutarcb, indeed, 1 hemistocles employed bribery upou other eecaMoDS, ViE. They wbo attempt to prove too mucll. The stratagems, threats, and undaunted resolution of Themistocles were chiefly instrumental in bringing about the memorable day of Salamis. The most illustrious manifestation of Grecian patriotism was the magnanimous declaration of the ,Athenians, in answer to the lavish promises of Mardonius, and the anxious fears of SpartaS9 in the winter before the battle of Platrere.

It was drawn up by Aristides If to this we add the stoning of Lycidas and his family61, because he had advised the Athenians to accept the conditions of Mardonius, as well as the banishment of Arthmius of Zelea, who had been hired by Xerxes to distribute bribes amongst the Greeks6s, in order to induce them to enter into an alliance with him, we shall be at a loss to comprehend how a plot could have been formed in the Athenian camp before the battle of Platrere 63, the object of the conspirators being to subvert the democracy, and in case of failure, to fall back upon the Persians.

Upon the flight of two of its abandoned projectors, this scheme of. In DemOlth. IS Plut. But how little do the political and military operations of the Spartans appear when compared with those of the Athenians!

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Беккер промолчал. - Подними! - срывающимся голосом завопил панк.

The Historical Antiquities of the Greeks with Reference to Their Political Institutions, Volume 2

Панк кивнул и расхохотался. - Похоже, ты облажался, приятель. - Но сейчас только без четверти. Двухцветный посмотрел на часы Беккера. Его лицо казалось растерянным. - Обычно я напиваюсь только к четырем! - Он опять засмеялся.

Мелькнул лучик надежды. Но уже через минуту парень скривился в гримасе. Он с силой стукнул бутылкой по столу и вцепился в рубашку Беккера. - Она девушка Эдуардо, болван. Только тронь ее, и он тебя прикончит. ГЛАВА 56 Мидж Милкен в сердцах выскочила из своего кабинета и уединилась в комнате для заседаний, которая располагалась точно напротив. Кроме тридцати футов ого стола красного дерева с буквами АНБ в центре столешницы, выложенной из черных пластинок вишневого и орехового дерева, комнату украшали три акварели Мариона Пайка, ваза с листьями папоротника, мраморная барная стойка и, разумеется, бачок для охлаждения воды фирмы Спарклетс.

Louisville courier-journal (Louisville, Ky. : Daily), 1868-12-05

 Хуже. Если Танкадо убьют, этот человек опубликует пароль. - Его партнер опубликует ключ? - недоуменно переспросила Сьюзан. Стратмор кивнул: - Он разместит его в Интернете, напечатает в газетах, на рекламных щитах. Короче, он отдаст ключ публике. Глаза Сьюзан расширились. - Предоставит для бесплатного скачивания.

Неудивительно, что Стратмор просиживает штаны на работе. Если он сумеет реализовать свой замысел, это стократно компенсирует провал Попрыгунчика. Фонтейн пришел к выводу, что Стратмор в полном порядке, что он трудится на сто десять процентов, все так же хитер, умен и в высшей степени лоялен, впрочем - как. Лучшее, что мог сделать директор, - не мешать ему работать и наблюдать за тем, как коммандер творит свое чудо. Стратмор разработал план… и план этот Фонтейн не имел ни малейшего намерения срывать. ГЛАВА 75 Пальцы Стратмора время от времени касались беретты, лежавшей у него на коленях. При мысли о том, что Хейл позволил себе прикоснуться к Сьюзан, кровь закипела в его жилах, но он помнил, что должен сохранять ясную голову, Стратмор с горечью признал, что сам отчасти виноват в случившемся: ведь именно он направил Сьюзан в Третий узел.

 Все обошлось. Сьюзан огляделась. Третий узел был пуст, свет шел от работающих мониторов. Их синеватое свечение придавало находящимся предметам какую-то призрачную расплывчатость. Она повернулась к Стратмору, оставшемуся за дверью. В этом освещении его лицо казалось мертвенно-бледным, безжизненным. - Сьюзан, - сказал .

Беккер не мигая смотрел на эту восхитительную женщину. - Мне нужно кольцо, - холодно сказал. - Кто вы такой? - потребовала. Беккер перешел на испанский с ярко выраженным андалузским акцентом: - Guardia Civil.

Остается только заполнить. Беккер снова вздохнул, решительно подошел к двери и громко постучал. Пора переходить к решительным действиям.

 - После цифр стоит какая-то звездочка. Джабба ее не слушал, остервенело нажимая на кнопки. - Осторожно! - сказала Соши.  - Нам нужны точные цифры. - Звездочка, - повторила Сьюзан, - это сноска.

Халохот настойчиво преследовал свою жертву. Вначале он хотел выстрелить Беккеру в голову, но, будучи профессионалом, решил не рисковать.

2 Response
  1. Rolanda H.

    favoring and oppo ing the bill, the bill shall be read for amendment under the strength of 86, men instead of 83,, as proposed by the House. -have no humane reserve thoughts in the interest of the mangled corpses that dre sed to Mr. Wetmore, a king an expres ion of views in regard to bill H. R.

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