What Works Evidence Based Policy And Practice In Public Services Pdf

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What counts is what works — but how can we actually tell what works? And what can we do with such knowledge to influence policy and practice? The authors consider the role of evidence in specific public policy areas healthcare, education, criminal justice, social care, welfare, housing, transport, and urban renewal , using experts in each field to explore the creation, dissemination, and use of evidence within each. They consider in particular: How is research evidence of service effectiveness created?

What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Unless otherwise stated, all rights belong to the author. You may download, display and print this publication for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Size: Format: PDF. Send Feedback. What works: Evidence-based practices in public service design. Laitinen, Ilari. The goal of this study was to map out and outline the views and experiences of service designers working within the public sector, about the use of evidence and evidence-based practices.

Service design consultancies are working with the public sector more and more, creating value together with the decision makers and creating better and policies with decreasing financial resources.

Service designers have skills, awareness, methods and know-how needed to navigate this sometimes very conservative field. The study examined, how service designers make use of evidence, how evidence is defined within this context in the first place, and discussed, how evidence could be used better in public sector projects, regarding for example measuring functionality, scalability or impact.

The study was conducted using qualitative research methods. Data collection was completed during Spring using semi-structured interviews with 20 experts in order to explore and investigate how evidence is used in practice. The interviews were primarily directed to service designers working for private service design consultancies.

Also experts working with the public sector were interviewed for background purposes. In order to gain a global overview and a multicultural perspective, the informants were selected to include different countries, including Finland, Sweden, Denmark, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the United States.

The study shows that evidence has different meanings and definitions, and it can be utilised case-by-case during the service design process, depending on the subject matter. Argumentative evidence is the most basic form of evidence that allows service designer to show rigour in regard to design practice — and at its simplest form demonstrates the level of rigour in the service design process.

When defining the problem and the solution, evidence can be empirical experience-based evidence or qualitative evidence. Promising evidence can be collected and generated through fast experiments and prototypes, and used to validate hypotheses, or justify the relevance of the potential solution to the context. The study also showed, that the use of different indicators and metrics are useful tools for measuring the impact, and that the quality and strength of the evidence are largely dependent on the nature, scope and goals of the service design project.

This study is targeted to first and foremost people working with public service design, like service designers, public servants and other public sector officials. There are recommendations at the end of this study, that can help the public sector service design process and the hands-on work.

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Evidence-based policy EBP is an idea in public policy proposing that policy decisions should be based on, or informed by, rigorously established objective evidence. The implied contrast here is with policymaking based on ideology or 'common sense'. It is also assumed that social goals are best served when scientific evidence is used rigorously and comprehensively to inform decisions, rather than in a piecemeal, manipulated, or cherry-picked manner. The move towards evidence-based policy has its roots in the larger movement towards evidence-based practice , which was prompted by the rise of evidence-based medicine in the s. It is, nevertheless, a controversial idea. Some have promoted particular types of evidence as 'best' for policymakers to consider, including scientifically rigorous evaluation studies such as randomized controlled trials to identify programs and practices capable of improving policy-relevant outcomes.

Systematic reviews have become an important methodology in the United Kingdom by which research informs health policy, and their use now extends beyond evidence-based medicine to evidence-based public health and, particularly, health inequalities policies. This article reviews the limitations of systematic reviews as stand-alone tools for this purpose and suggests a complementary approach to make better use of the evidence. That is, systematic reviews and other sources of evidence should be incorporated into a wider analytical framework, the public health regime defined here as the specific legislative, social, political, and economic structures that have an impact on both public health and the appropriateness and effectiveness of public health interventions adopted. At the national level this approach would facilitate analysis at all levels of the policy framework, countering the current focus on individual interventions. It could also differentiate at the international level between those policies and interventions that are effective in different contexts and are therefore potentially generalizable and those that depend on particular conditions for success.


one. Introducing evidence-based policy and practice in. 1 public services. Huw Davies, Sandra Nutley and Peter Smith two. Evidence and the policy process.


What works?Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

This paper identifies key lessons learnt in the Public Sector quest for policy and practice to become more evidence based. The Annex to this paper provides outlines of and web links to specific initiatives across the public sector in the United Kingdom. There is nothing new about the idea that policy and practice should be informed by the best available evidence.

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Evidence-Based Practice

Are we investing wisely in research for society?

Unless otherwise stated, all rights belong to the author. You may download, display and print this publication for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Size: Format: PDF.

Social workers increasingly are seeking information about evidence-based practices. Numerous resources are emerging to help connect research to practice and provide information that can be helpful to practitioners.

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Evidence-Based Policy-Making: Merits and Challenges

 Совсем мало, - сказал Джабба, посмотрев на монитор.