File Name: jekyll and hyde analysis .zip
He seemed There, Hyde drank the potion described in Lanyon's letter. It narrates the story of a man who shifts between two personas. Jekyll is not a tragic hero.
dr jekyll and mr hyde analysis pdf
The novella's impact is such that it has become a part of the language, with the vernacular phrase "Jekyll and Hyde" referring to persons with an unpredictably dual nature: outwardly good , but sometimes shockingly evil. Stevenson had long been intrigued by the idea of how human personalities can reflect the interplay of good and evil. While still a teenager, he developed a script for a play about Deacon Brodie , which he later reworked with the help of W.
Henley and which was produced for the first time in In the small hours of one morning,[ Thinking he had a nightmare, I awakened him. He said angrily: "Why did you wake me? I was dreaming a fine bogey tale. Lloyd Osbourne , Stevenson's stepson, wrote: "I don't believe that there was ever such a literary feat before as the writing of Dr Jekyll. I remember the first reading as though it were yesterday. Louis came downstairs in a fever; read nearly half the book aloud; and then, while we were still gasping, he was away again, and busy writing.
I doubt if the first draft took so long as three days. Inspiration may also have come from the writer's friendship with Edinburgh-based French teacher Eugene Chantrelle , who was convicted and executed for the murder of his wife in May According to author Jeremy Hodges,  Stevenson was present throughout the trial and as "the evidence unfolded he found himself, like Dr Jekyll, 'aghast before the acts of Edward Hyde'.
As was customary, Mrs. Stevenson would read the draft and offer her criticisms in the margins. Robert Stevenson was confined to bed at the time from a haemorrhage. In her comments in the manuscript , she observed that in effect the story was really an allegory , but Robert was writing it as a story.
After a while, Robert called her back into the bedroom and pointed to a pile of ashes: he had burnt the manuscript in fear that he would try to salvage it, and thus forced himself to start again from nothing, writing an allegorical story as she had suggested. Scholars debate whether he really burnt his manuscript; there is no direct factual evidence for the burning, but it remains an integral part of the history of the novella. Stevenson rewrote the story in three to six days.
A number of later biographers have alleged that Stevenson was on drugs during the frantic rewrite; for example, William Gray's revisionist history A Literary Life said he used cocaine while other biographers said he used ergot. According to Osbourne, "The mere physical feat was tremendous and, instead of harming him, it roused and cheered him inexpressibly".
He continued to refine the work for four to six weeks after the initial revision. The novella was written in the southern English seaside town of Bournemouth , where Stevenson had moved to benefit from its sea air and warmer climate.
The name Jekyll was borrowed from the Reverend Walter Jekyll, a friend of Stevenson and younger brother of horticulturalist and landscape designer Gertrude Jekyll. Gabriel John Utterson and his cousin Richard Enfield reach the door of a large house on their weekly walk.
Enfield tells Utterson that months ago, he saw a sinister-looking man named Edward Hyde trample a young girl after accidentally bumping into her. Hyde brought them to this door and provided a cheque signed by a reputable gentleman later revealed to be Doctor Henry Jekyll, a friend and client of Utterson.
Utterson is disturbed because Jekyll recently changed his will to make Hyde the sole beneficiary. Utterson fears that Hyde is blackmailing Jekyll. When Utterson tries to discuss Hyde with Jekyll, Jekyll tells Utterson he can be rid of Hyde when he wants and for Utterson to drop the matter.
The police contact Utterson, who leads officers to Hyde's apartment. Hyde has vanished, but they find half of a broken cane the other half having been left at the crime scene. Utterson recognises the cane as one he had given to Jekyll. Utterson visits Jekyll, who shows Utterson a note, allegedly written to Jekyll by Hyde, apologizing for the trouble that he has caused.
However, Hyde's handwriting is similar to Jekyll's own, leading Utterson to conclude that Jekyll forged the note to protect Hyde. For two months, Jekyll reverts to his former sociable manner, but in early January, he starts refusing visitors. Dr Hastie Lanyon, a mutual acquaintance of Jekyll and Utterson, dies of shock after receiving information relating to Jekyll.
Before his death, Lanyon gives Utterson a letter to be opened after Jekyll's death or disappearance. In late February, during another walk with Enfield, Utterson starts a conversation with Jekyll at a window of his laboratory. Jekyll suddenly slams the window and disappears. In early March, Jekyll's butler, Mr Poole, visits Utterson and says Jekyll has secluded himself in his laboratory for weeks. Utterson and Poole break into the laboratory, where they find Hyde wearing Jekyll's clothes and apparently dead from suicide.
They find a letter from Jekyll to Utterson. Utterson reads Lanyon's letter, then Jekyll's. Lanyon's letter reveals his deterioration resulted from the shock of seeing Hyde drink a serum that turned him into Jekyll. Jekyll's letter explains that he had indulged in unstated vices and feared discovery.
He found a way to transform himself and thereby indulge his vices without fear of detection. Jekyll's transformed body, Hyde, was evil, self-indulgent, and uncaring to anyone but himself. Initially, Jekyll controlled the transformations with the serum, but one night in August, he became Hyde involuntarily in his sleep. Jekyll resolved to cease becoming Hyde. One night, he had a moment of weakness and drank the serum. Hyde, his desires having been caged for so long, killed Carew. Horrified, Jekyll tried more adamantly to stop the transformations.
Then, in early January, he transformed involuntarily while awake. Far from his laboratory and hunted by the police as a murderer, Hyde needed help to avoid capture. He wrote to Lanyon in Jekyll's hand , asking his friend to bring chemicals from his laboratory. In Lanyon's presence, Hyde mixed the chemicals, drank the serum, and transformed into Jekyll. The shock of the sight instigated Lanyon's deterioration and death.
Meanwhile, Jekyll's involuntary transformations increased in frequency and required ever larger doses of the serum to reverse. It was one of these transformations that caused Jekyll to slam his window shut on Enfield and Utterson. Eventually, one of the chemicals used in the serum ran low, and subsequent batches prepared from new stocks failed to work. Jekyll speculated that one of the original ingredients must have had some unknown impurity that made it work.
Realizing that he would stay transformed as Hyde, Jekyll decided to write his "confession. Gabriel John Utterson, a lawyer and close loyal friend of Jekyll and Lanyon for many years, is the protagonist of the story. Utterson is a measured and at all times emotionless bachelor — who nonetheless seems believable, trustworthy, tolerant of the faults of others, and indeed genuinely likable.
However, Utterson is not immune to guilt, as, while he is quick to investigate and judge the faults of others even for the benefit of his friends, Stevenson states that "he was humbled to the dust by the many ill things he had done".
Whatever these "ill things" may be, he does not partake in gossip or other views of the upper class out of respect for his fellow man. Often the last remaining friend of the downfallen, he finds an interest in others' downfalls, which creates a spark of interest not only in Jekyll but also regarding Hyde. He comes to the conclusion that human downfall results from indulging oneself in topics of interest. As a result of this line of reasoning, he lives life as a recluse and "dampens his taste for the finer items of life".
Utterson concludes that Jekyll lives life as he wishes by enjoying his occupation. Dr Jekyll is a "large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty with something of a slyish cast",  who occasionally feels he is battling between the good and evil within himself, leading to the struggle between his dual personalities of Henry Jekyll and Edward Hyde. He has spent a great part of his life trying to repress evil urges that were not fitting for a man of his stature. He creates a serum, or potion, in an attempt to separate this hidden evil from his personality.
In doing so, Jekyll transformed into the smaller, younger, cruel, remorseless, and evil Hyde. Jekyll has many friends and an amiable personality, but as Hyde, he becomes mysterious and violent. As time goes by, Hyde grows in power. After taking the potion repeatedly, he no longer relies upon it to unleash his inner demon, i. Eventually, Hyde grows so strong that Jekyll becomes reliant on the potion to remain conscious throughout the book. Richard Enfield is Utterson's cousin and is a well known "man about town.
He is the person who mentions to Utterson the actual personality of Jekyll's friend, Hyde. Enfield witnessed Hyde running over a little girl in the street recklessly, and the group of witnesses, with the girl's parents and other residents, force Hyde into writing a cheque for the girl's family. Enfield discovers that Jekyll signed the cheque, which is genuine. He says that Hyde is disgusting looking but finds himself stumped when asked to describe the man.
A longtime friend of Jekyll, Hastie Lanyon disagrees with Jekyll's "scientific" concepts, which Lanyon describes as " He is the first person to discover Hyde's true identity Hyde transforms himself back into Jekyll in Lanyon's presence.
Lanyon helps Utterson solve the case when he describes the letter given to him by Jekyll and his thoughts and reactions to the transformation. After he witnesses the transformation process and subsequently hears Jekyll's private confession, made to him alone , Lanyon becomes shocked into critical illness and, later, death. Poole is Jekyll's butler who has been employed by him for many years.
Poole serves Jekyll faithfully and attempts to be loyal to his master, but the growing reclusiveness of and changes in his master cause him growing concern. Finally fearing that his master has been murdered and that his murderer, Mr Hyde, is residing in Jekyll's chambers, Poole is driven into going to Utterson and joining forces with him to uncover the truth. He chops down the door towards Jekyll's lab in five strong swipes to aid Utterson into the climax. They explore Hyde's loft in Soho and discover evidence of his depraved life.
A kind, year-old Member of Parliament. The maid claims that Hyde, in a murderous rage, killed Carew in the streets of London on the night of 18 October. At the time of his death, Carew is carrying on his person a letter addressed to Utterson, and the broken half of one of Jekyll's walking sticks is found on his body. A maid , whose employer - presumably Jekyll - Hyde had once visited, is the only person who has witnessed the murder of Sir Danvers Carew.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Today Stevenson's novella is recognized as an incisive study of Victorian morality and sexual repression, as well as a great thriller. After feeling like he is consitantily fighting with his self decided to create a postion. The will was holograph, for Mr. Utterson though he took charge of it now that it was made, had refused to lend the least assistance in the making of it; it provided not only that, in case of the decease of Henry Jekyll, M. After the death or prolonged absence exceeding three months of Dr. Jekyll, all of his assets will be given to Mr. What does Dr.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
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LitCharts Teacher Editions. Hyde should, be instead perceived as a disguise of Dr. Jekyll that covers the duality of his nature. It is a brief work, often referred to as a novella, that offers an interesting plot, vivid However, by the end, both of the two interwoven characters are dead.
Approximately one year later, the scene opens on a maid who, sitting at her window in the wee hours of the morning, witnesses a murder take place in the street below. She sees a small, evil-looking man, whom she recognizes as Mr. Hyde, encounter a polite, aged gentleman; when the gentleman offers Hyde a greeting, Hyde suddenly turns on him with a stick, beating him to death. The police find a letter addressed to Utterson on the dead body, and they consequently summon the lawyer. He identifies the body as Sir Danvers Carew, a popular member of Parliament and one of his clients.
Hyde may be also associated with the atavistic image of a classic criminal provided by, Lombroso; however, it is a simplistic approach to the matter of evil. He, recognizes that a human being has mental templates both towards good and evil, and it is a. A conflict between them erupts, as though the older Dr.
The novella's impact is such that it has become a part of the language, with the vernacular phrase "Jekyll and Hyde" referring to persons with an unpredictably dual nature: outwardly good , but sometimes shockingly evil.
Где Стратмор. - Коммандер Стратмор погиб. - Справедливость восторжествовала, как в дешевой пьесе.
- Мне кажется маловероятным, что Танкадо использовал непроизвольный набор знаков. - Выбросьте пробелы и наберите ключ! - не сдержался Бринкерхофф. Фонтейн повернулся к Сьюзан. - Как вы думаете, мисс Флетчер.
Рано или поздно, - продолжала она, - народ должен вверить кому-то свою судьбу. В нашей стране происходит много хорошего, но немало и плохого. Кто-то должен иметь возможность оценивать и отделять одно от другого. В этом и заключается наша работа. Это наш долг.
Только и делов - вывести человека на свежий воздух. Халохот отчаянно озирался, но Беккера нигде не было. Сотни людей стояли на коленях перед алтарем, принимая причастие.
Это многое объясняет, - настаивала. - Например, почему он провел там всю ночь. - Заражал вирусами свое любимое детище. - Нет, - сказала она раздраженно.
Сьюзан понимающе кивнула. Это звучало вполне логично: Танкадо хотел заставить АНБ рассказать о ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ всему миру. По сути, это был самый настоящий шантаж.