File Name: totalitarianism definition and meaning .zip
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Examples of Totalitarianism
The inadmissibility ground for immigrant membership in or affiliation with the Communist or any other totalitarian party is part of a broader set of laws passed by Congress to address threats to the safety and security of the United States. Its original purpose was to protect the United States against un-American and subversive activities that were considered threats to national security. In general, any immigrant who is or has been a member of or affiliated with the Communist or any other totalitarian party or subdivision or affiliate , domestic or foreign, is inadmissible. During and after World War I, the U. In , Congress sought to protect the internal security, national defense, and foreign relations of the United States by requiring that foreigners disseminating propaganda and alien ideologies be registered and identified. Near the onset of World War II, concern about the possibility of hostile foreign enemies living in the United States was on the rise.
Totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and fascism are all forms of government—and defining different forms of government isn't as easy as it might seem. All nations have an official type of government as designated in the U. The USSR is more correctly classified as a socialist republic. In addition, the boundaries between various forms of government can be fluid or poorly-defined, often with overlapping characteristics. Such is the case with totalitarianism, authoritarianism, and fascism. This control extends to all political and financial matters as well as the attitudes, morals, and beliefs of the people. The concept of totalitarianism was developed in the s by Italian fascists.
China recently promulgated and revised a number of laws, regulations and measures to regulate the nonprofit sector. All these administrative efforts increase support for Chinese nonprofit organizations NPOs on the one hand and put unprecedented pressure on them on the other. This article proposes three phases in the development of AAS: an subconscious phase, a theory-modeling phase, and an institutionalization phase. The institutionalization of AAS has led to the rise of neo-totalitarianism, which is featured by state capitalism, unlimited government, and a mixed ideology of Marxism and Confucianism. Neo-totalitarianism further strengthens AAS and has begun to reshape the relationship between the state and the nonprofit sector.
Fascism , political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern Europe between and and that also had adherents in western Europe, the United States , South Africa , Japan , Latin America, and the Middle East. At the end of World War II , the major European fascist parties were broken up, and in some countries such as Italy and West Germany they were officially banned. Beginning in the late s, however, many fascist-oriented parties and movements were founded in Europe as well as in Latin America and South Africa. The word fascism comes from the Latin fasces , which denotes a bundle of wooden rods that typically included a protruding axe blade. In ancient Rome , lictors attendants to magistrates would hold the fasces as a symbol of the penal power of their magistrate.
Box Office Administration Development Totalitarianism — a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state. Fascism — a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized government headed by a dictatorial leader. Though totalitarian states and fascism can be difficult to comprehend due to their spheres of influence, the movements share some core beliefs and actions. They require citizens to hold basic allegiances, such as to the nation, to national rank, and to a master race or group. Fascists aim to scapegoat and demonize specific groups. Creating a common enemy is an essential part of the program.
Totalitarianism (or totalitarian rule) is a political system where the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private.
This video goes into detail about the similarities and differences between authoritarianism and totalitarianism. Authoritarianism is the opposite of individualism in democracy, marked by submission to authority. In this system, the political power is condensed into one authority figure, who has unchecked power. Totalitarianism is when the person in power seeks to control every aspect of public and private life. We understand that distinguishing the two can be a little confusing.
Totalitarianism refers to a political system in which all authority is in the hands of the state.
Totalitarianism is a concept   for a form of government or political system that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is regarded as the most extreme and complete form of authoritarianism. In totalitarian states, political power has often been held by autocrats i. Totalitarian regimes are often characterized by extensive political repression , a complete lack of democracy , widespread personality cultism , absolute control over the economy , massive censorship , mass surveillance , limited freedom of movement most notably freedom to leave the country and widespread use of state terrorism. Other aspects of a totalitarian regime include the use of concentration camps , repressive secret police , religious persecution or state atheism , the common practice of executions , fraudulent elections if they take place , possible possession of weapons of mass destruction and a potential for state-sponsored mass murder and genocides. Historian Robert Conquest describes a totalitarian state as one which recognizes no limit on its authority in any sphere of public or private life and it extends that authority to whatever length is feasible.
The word "statism" and its adverbial form "statist" is a bit of a neologism. Its meaning can be summarized in the following way. The word "state" refers to centralized executive authority administration of laws, management of national budgets and maintenance of what is sometimes called "monopoly on violence" -- police and military establishments.
Rather than a prismatic, multifaceted, and contra- dictory phenomenon combining revolution and terror, liberation and oppression, social movements and political.
Totalitarian Regimes, Leaders and Countries
Totalitarian regimes and terrorist groups striving to create them are characterized by ideologies with lexicographic preference orderings. This means that they demand that their followers sacrifice everything, if required, including the lives of others and of themselves to reach the aims postulated. This means that the respective ideologies are usually very different, but that all follow a lexicographic preference order. This chapter studies the development, success, and demise of such regimes, which usually persecute, torture, and even kill nonbelievers, and often are engaged in bloody wars of expansion with many victims. This is also the case concerning their secularly or religiously based aims, which, moreover, characteristically control their behavior concerning the lifestyle of their populations, the arts, and their culture.
Open Education Sociology Dictionary. Pronunciation Usage Guide. Ferrante, Joan. Seeing Sociology: An Introduction. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Sociology: A Global Perspective. Henslin, James M.
Плутоний и уран, - повторял Джабба.
Голос все звал его, а он безучастно смотрел на светящуюся картинку. Он видел ее на крошечном экране. Эту женщину, которая смотрела на него из другого мира.
Чатрукьян знал: это первое, чего в любом случае потребует Стратмор. Выглянув в пустую шифровалку, он принял решение. На загрузку программы и поиск вируса уйдет минут пятнадцать. Скажи, что ничего нет, - прошептал .
Он был совсем один и умирал естественной смертью. - Странно, - удивленно заметил Смит. - Обычно травматическая капсула не убивает так. Иногда даже, если жертва внушительной комплекции, она не убивает вовсе. - У него было больное сердце, - сказал Фонтейн.
Тот же, кто перехватывал такое сообщение, видел на экране лишь маловразумительную абракадабру. Расшифровать сообщение можно было лишь введя специальный ключ - секретный набор знаков, действующий как ПИН-код в банкомате. Ключ, как правило, был довольно длинным и сложным и содержал всю необходимую информацию об алгоритме кодирования, задействуя математические операции, необходимые для воссоздания исходного текста.
Это как раз было ее специальностью.