File Name: physical and cognitive development in early adulthood .zip
- 6.4 Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
- Chapter 22: Physical Development in Early Adulthood
- 7: Emerging and Early Adulthood
6.4 Early and Middle Adulthood: Building Effective Lives
It is a period of brain maturation, learning about intimacy and mutual support, intensification of pre-existing friendships, family-oriented socialization, and the attainment of those social skills that are needed for mating and reproduction. We propose that emerging adulthood is a life-history stage that is a foundation of the high reproductive success of human beings. The period of emerging adulthood has an evolutionary context and developmental markers, and we present evidence that supports the idea that emerging adults require protection because they are still learning and maturing. Growing evidence suggests that an individual at the end of adolescence cannot be considered to be an adult when using physical, physiological, intellectual, social, emotional, and behavioral measures. When adolescents in developed societies mature and achieve adult body size, their behavior often remains immature. Specialists in adolescent medicine have recognized this incongruity, and have redefined adolescence to include young adults up to age 24 years, of whom many have not yet assumed adult roles 1 , 2. Compared to other mammals, primates produce few offspring.
Historically, early adulthood spanned from approximately 18 the end of adolescence until 40 to 45 beginning of middle adulthood. More recently, developmentalists have divided this age period into two separate stages: Emerging adulthood followed by early adulthood. Although these age periods differ in their physical, cognitive, and social development, overall the age period from 18 to 45 is a time of peak physical capabilities and the emergence of more mature cognitive development, financial independence, and intimate relationships. Jeffrey Arnett argues that emerging adulthood is neither adolescence nor is it young adulthood. Individuals in this age period have left behind the relative dependency of childhood and adolescence, but have not yet taken on the responsibilities of adulthood. Historically the process of becoming an adult was more clearly marked by rites of passage. For many individuals, marriage and becoming a parent were considered entry into adulthood.
Chapter 22: Physical Development in Early Adulthood
Take a moment to think about activities you participate in regularly. Household chores? Shoveling snow? Being physically active does not mean we have to run a marathon. Do you consider yourself naturally active?
Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. Download this information pdf. Order publication online. Human development is a lifelong process of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and emotional growth and change. In the early stages of life—from babyhood to childhood, childhood to adolescence, and adolescence to adulthood—enormous changes take place. Throughout the process, each person develops attitudes and values that guide choices, relationships, and understanding.
7: Emerging and Early Adulthood
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Early and Middle Childhood objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Document and track population-based measures of health and well-being for early and middle childhood populations over time in the United States. There is increasing recognition in policy, research, and clinical practice communities that early and middle childhood provide the physical, cognitive, and social-emotional foundation for lifelong health, learning, and well-being. Early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence represent the 3 stages of child development. Each stage is organized around the primary tasks of development for that period.
As individuals move through early and middle adulthood, a variety of physical changes take place in the body.
Change is inevitable. As humans, we constantly grow throughout our lifespans, from conception to death. Psychologists strive to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. While many of these changes are normal and expected, they can still pose challenges that people sometimes need extra assistance to manage.
СЕЙЧАС ВАС МОЖЕТ СПАСТИ ТОЛЬКО ПРАВДА - Правда? - спросила .
Очевидно, Стратмор вдруг задумался:. У Сьюзан имелся на это ответ. - Коммандер, - она снова попыталась настоять на своем, - нам нужно поговорить. - Минутку! - отрезал Стратмор, вопросительно глядя на Хейла. - Мне нужно закончить разговор.